This chapter mainly introduces the knowledge, characteristics and identification methods of these kinds of clothing fabrics.
Identification of folding components
The simple method of identifying the composition of the garment fabric is the combustion method.
The practice is to take a ray of clothing at the edge of the yarn containing warp and weft yarn,
with the fire to ignite, observe the state of burning flame, smell the smell of cloth after
burning cloth, look at the residue after burning to determine And clothing durability label on
the label composition is consistent to identify the authenticity of fabric ingredients.
First, cotton fiber and hemp fiber
Cotton fiber and hemp fiber are just the flame that is burning, burning quickly, the flame was
yellow, blue smoke. The difference between the two is the smell of burning and the burning of the
ashes, the burning of cotton burning paper smell, burning burning grass ash smell; burning,
the cotton has very little powder ashes, black or gray, hemp produces a small amount of
gray powder ashes.
Second, wool fiber and silk
Hair fire, smoke, burning when the burning speed is slow, emitting a hair burning hair odor,
burning ashes are mostly shiny black spherical particles, the fingers of a pressure that is broken.
Silk in case of fire shrink into a group, burning slower, accompanied by hissing, emitting hair
burning smell, burning after the formation of dark brown ball ashes, hand twist that is broken.
Third, nylon and polyester
Polyamide fiber name, near the flame that is rapidly crumpled into a white gelatinous, in the flame
melt droplets and blistering, burning without flame, leaving the flame difficult to continue to
burn, emitting celery taste, after cooling light brown melt Things are not easy to break.
Polyester scientific name polyester fiber, easy to ignite, near the flame that is melting,
burning while smothering black smoke, yellow flame, distributed aromatic smell, burning ashes
after the dark brown lumps, with your fingers can be broken.
Four, acrylic and polypropylene
Acrylic fiber name polyacrylonitrile fiber, near the fire softening fuse, after the fire black
smoke, the flame was white, from the flame after the rapid combustion, exudes the burning of the
bitterness of the fire, burnt ashes when the irregular black lumps, hand twist fragile
The Polypropylene fiber, near the flame that is fused, flammable, from the fire burning slowly and
black smoke, the top of the flame yellow, the bottom of the blue, emitting a smell of oil, burning
ashes after the hard light yellow brown particles, hand twist easy broken.
Five, vinyl and polyvinyl chloride
Polyvinyl alcohol formaldehyde formaldehyde fiber, easy to ignite, near the flame melt contraction, burning a little flame at the top, until the fibers are melting into a colloidal flame larger, thick black smoke, distributed bitter smell, burning black after burning Bead-like particles can be crushed with your fingers. Polyvinyl chloride fiber name, non-flammable, from the fire that is extinguished, the flame was yellow, the bottom green white smoke, sporadic spicy spicy taste, burning ashes after the dark brown irregular lumps, fingers are not easy to twist.
Six, spandex and fluoro
Spandex scientific name polyurethane fiber, near the fire side of the edge of burning, burning
flame blue, leaving the fire to continue to melt, emitting a special irritating odor, burning
ashes after the soft fluffy black and gray. Teflon name polytetrafluoroethylene fiber,
ISO organization called fluorite fiber, near the flame only melt, difficult to ignite,
do not burn, the edge of the flame was blue and green carbonization, melting and decomposition,
gas toxic, the melt is hard round black Beads. Teflon fiber is often used in the textile industry
to manufacture high performance sewing thread.
Seven, viscose fiber and copper ammonium fiber
Viscose fiber flammable, burning speed, the flame was yellow, distributed burning paper smell,
burned ashes, was smooth twisted ribbon light gray or gray fine powder. Copper ammonium fiber
commonly known as Tiger kapok, near the flame that is burning, burning speed, the flame was
yellow, distributed ester sour taste, burning ashes, only a small amount of gray black gray.
Folding bamboo fiber fabric
Bamboo fiber is a natural material with the following characteristics.
1, look - crystal bright
Won the bamboo fiber towel in the light of the better conditions, from all angles to observe the
towel surface, terry smooth and delicate, bright color crystal, terry arrangement evenly
2, touch - soft and comfortable
Hand touch, feel soft and smooth (with velvet feeling), and flexible. Bamboo fiber towel attached
to the cheek quietly feel, you will fully feel like her baby skin is very delicate, soft, smooth,
comfortable, such as silk. And then touch the ordinary towel, give you what kind of feeling?
Must be hard, dry, rough. Bamboo fiber towels unique like silk forged effect represents the
development trend of the industry.
3, shake - hanging upright
Hands together bamboo fiber towel side of the two corners to lift it, gently shaking a few times.
You will see its good dynamic and vertical, such as beauty fragrance, the slightest smooth,
soft and smooth. And then shake the ordinary towel, can only feel floating floating,
difficult to sag. Put your hands off, let these two towels fall freely from the bed or on the table
, and then look at their respective shapes. You will find bamboo fiber towels softly piled into a
pile, no "bony". While ordinary towels are rigidly into a geometric shape.
4, burn - absolutely natural
From bamboo fiber towels out of one or two yarn, lit with fire, carefully observe the burning
phenomenon. Bamboo fiber burning quickly, thoroughly, there is the smell of burning plants,
ashes into white powder, not the ball. And with chemical fiber towels, burning irritating smell,
ashes into black, and the phenomenon of the ball.
5, wash - self-cleaning self-cleaning
The bamboo fiber towel wet (the purpose is to fully activate the bamboo fiber molecules), and
then soy sauce, edible oil, respectively, poured on the towel, and then get the water under the
rubbing, without any cleaning agent. You will see the magic of the phenomenon, soy sauce,
edible oil and other water was completely washed away, bamboo fiber towel is still bright as new.
This is because the bamboo fiber has a super decontamination oil repellent, self-cleaning ability.
If you are also questioned about the decontamination ability of bamboo fiber towels,
you can use it as a rag for cleaning utensils, let it torment a week in the oil, and learn more
about her magical effect. And if an ordinary towel, use it to clean the tableware, less than a few
days, then it is absolutely dirty, dirt, extremely difficult to clean, and finally there will be
moldy, sticky, smelly phenomenon.
6, cover - do not mold no smell
Will be a bamboo fiber towel and an ordinary towel wet with water, were installed in two plastic
food bags, about 30 degrees Celsius in the environment for a few days. And then open the bag to
see, smell a smell, you feel what? Bamboo fiber towel or so fresh as new, no smell.
While ordinary towels are moldy, sticky, smelly, or even black. Bamboo fiber towel has such a
strange function completely abolished the bamboo fiber itself has the antibacterial properties.
Bamboo in the growth process never infected pests and diseases, because the bamboo contains
antibacterial in addition to mites - bamboo Kun. National textile inspection agencies have
confirmed: bacteria in the bamboo fiber on the mortality rate of 73% or more, which is completely
do not have other textile fibers.
7, with - fresh and comfortable
The face of the water, the bamboo fiber towel soaked in water, gently wipe the water after wiping
the face. You will feel the face of the water is easily wiped dry. At the same time the face feels
refreshing, soft and comfortable. Even if you do not have facial cleanser, soap and other
cleansing products, also have such a feeling. This is entirely determined by the special
structure of the bamboo fiber itself. Bamboo fiber is porous fiber, cross-section covered
with large and small oval-shaped pores, you can instantly absorb a lot of water, the water
absorption is 1.5 times the cotton.
Folding pure wool fabric
Pure wool fabric color natural soft, warm effect is good, is the production of high-grade suits
and coats of choice fabric. Imitation wool fabric more and more, with the improvement of textile
technology has reached the level of most customers difficult to identify, but the color, warmth,
feel, and so far less than pure wool fabric. Here are some ways to identify pure wool fabric,
for you in the selection of clothing and fabric reference.
One hand touch feeling. Pure wool fabric usually feel smooth, long hair fabric smooth hair
feel smooth, reverse hair tingling. And blended or pure fiber, some less soft, some too soft and loose, and a sticky feeling.
Second, look color. Pure wool fabric natural color soft, bright and no old sense. In contrast,
blended or purified fiber fabrics, or shiny dark, or have a sense of flash.
Third, look at the flexibility. Hand to keep things tight, and then immediately let go, see fabric
elasticity. Pure wool fabric rebound rate is high, can quickly restore the status quo, and blended
or chemical fiber products, the anti-wrinkle is poor, mostly leaving a more obvious signs of
wrinkles, or slow recovery.
Fourth, the combustion method identification. Take a bunch of yarn, with fire, pure wool fiber
smell like burning hair, chemical fiber fabric smell like burning plastic. The harder the particles
after burning the more chemical fiber composition.
Five, single identification. All the hair of the animal under the microscope is to see the scales, if it is long hair fabric, then just take a hair like the figure as a few rub will move up or down (in order to master this technique can take a hair to do Test), if it is a common fabric, take a yarn, cut 2 cm two pieces into a fiber into the palm of your hand rubbing four or five, to see if they will not move.
Folding wool raw materials
The wool fabric used in the wool fabric of the market, roughly wool, wool, camel wool and rabbit
One, wool wool
People's daily use of the largest sweaters, woolen, blankets and other sheep are mainly dense sheep
wool. In the weaving industry, because the largest amount of wool, so "wool" has become short of
The world's sheep production more countries are Australia, the CIS, New Zealand, Argentina and
China. Wool count and the number of grades is to assess the basis of wool grade and quality,
the higher the number, the better the quality, the higher the series, the worse the quality.
Sheep Mao has been favored by the people of the "Australian wool", belonging to the Merino species
of sheep, produced in Australia, hence the name. The wool fiber is thin and long, is the most
quality varieties of wool sheep. Others such as New Zealand, South America, European countries,
the Southern Alps and so on are rearing, and in the world reputation.
Selangor is also a common breed. Selangor was formerly known as Shetland wool, which was named
after the Shetland Islands in Scotland, England. As the snow orchids to the villi as the main
body and mixed with more coarse and covered with hair, this natural mixture of coarse and fine,
the formation of the Selangor fabric unique plump and fluffy, soft and not delicate,
gloss and elastic characteristics of the better, With a rugged style. However, due to the
production of snow orchid less, in short supply, the market sales of the so-called "snowflake
sweater" mostly New Zealand's semi-fine wool as raw material. More known as the "snow orchid"
sweater, selling less than 100 yuan or even only a few dozen dollars, in fact, is the product of
imitation snow orchid style, and some "snow orchid" is a variety of miscellaneous wool spinning ,
Can only do rough wool, the price is cheaper.
There are inexpensive, welcomed by the consumers of the sheep's hair, in fact, lamb hair, its feel
thick, and more made of wool.
Second, the goat hair
The goat's wool refers to the shearing and dead hair of the goat's hair. General wool wool body of
the fine hair is very short, can not be spinning, coarse hair can only make a brush, brush and the
like, only mo hat exception. Ma Hai Mao is Angola wool, produced in Turkey's Angola, North America
and South Asia and other places, is a high-quality wool fiber, smooth surface, very little curl,
long and thick, with a soft soft silk shiny, excellent back Elastic, abrasion resistance and high
strength, is the ideal raw material for weaving jacquard blankets, plush, fur coat, artificial fur
and other high-grade fabric. Thick wool needle hand-woven horse sweater, wearing a soft, such as
silk fog-like fiber, constitute a noble, lively and rugged clothing style, loved by the people.
China's Northwest Weiwei wool also belong to Ma Hai hair class. But in the market, it was fluffy
style acrylic yarn known as "mohair" for sale, resulting in misunderstanding, that acrylic stretch
yarn, at best, can only be called "imitation horse hair".
Three alpaca hair
Alpaca (ALPACA), also known as "camel wool", fiber up to 20-40 cm, and white, brown, gray, black
and other colors, because 90% produced in Peru, also known as "Peruvian wool." Its two varieties,
one is the fiber curl, with silver luster, the other is the fiber straight, curly less, with a
similar horseshoe luster, often blended with other fibers, as the production of high-grade
clothing quality materials. The market is camel wool, mostly Eastern European products.
Four, rabbit hair
Rabbit hair to light, thin, soft, warm and strong, cheap and popular by the people favorite.
It is composed of fine soft hair and coarse hair, mainly ordinary rabbits and Angola rabbit hair,
and the latter is excellent quality. Rabbit hair and wool difference is that the fiber slender,
the surface is particularly smooth, easy to identify. As the rabbit hair strength is low, not easy
to separate spinning, and therefore more with wool or other fibers blended, made of knitwear and
ladies, coat and other clothing fabrics.
The concept and logo of pure wool
In the market, people can often see the wool products are "pure wool" or "100%" wool two signs,
some people think that "pure wool" is equal to "100% wool", it is not true. Literally "pure wool"
should be 100% wool. But in fact, in the production process, in order to improve the textile
properties of the fiber, make the fabric more durable, and some products often add some polyester
or nylon non-wool fiber. For the amount of the amount of the national standard is clearly defined.
So that we understand. Pure wool products are not 100% wool, indicating that pure wool products,
it is already added in accordance with the provisions of non-wool fiber, which should be lower
than 100% wool products prices.
In short, in the increasingly prosperous market to buy desirable wool textile, we in addition to
use to see, touch, ask, compare and other ways to identify, you can analyze from the price.
Of course, the safest thing is to continue to increase understanding of product knowledge.
Identify cashmere, alpaca, mohair
Cashmere is from the bottom of the goat fine villi, goats grow in the alpine grasslands, such as
China's Inner Mongolia, Xinjiang, Qinghai, Liaoning and other places. China is the world's cashmere
production power, cashmere production accounted for more than 1/2 of the world's total output,
which in turn to Inner Mongolia cashmere for the top grade. Cashmere fiber is characterized by
slim and soft. Its fabric feel soft, smooth waxy, soft luster, wool fabric than the same thickness
compared to the weight of light much, and mostly suede style. In general, the light-colored cashmere coat mostly from the white cashmere, better quality; and dark mostly from the purple or velvet, less quality.
Second, alpaca hair
Alpaca comes from an animal called "alpaca" (also known as "Alba"), which grows mainly in the Peruvian
Andes. The Andes mountains 4500 meters above sea level, great temperature difference between day
and night, night -20 ~ -18 ℃, while the daytime 15 ~ 18 ℃, strong sunlight, the atmosphere is
thin, cold and cold. Alpacas living in such a harsh environment, of course, can withstand extreme
temperature changes. Alpaca is not only able to moisturize, but also effectively resist solar
radiation, alpaca fiber containing a microscope under the visual cavity, so its thermal
performance is better than wool, cashmere and horse horseman.
In addition, alpaca fiber has more than 17 kinds of natural color: from white to black, and a
series of different shades of brown, gray, is the special animal fibers in the natural color of
the most abundant fiber. We see in the market, "Alba" that is alpaca; and "Su Li" is a kind of
alpaca and more refers to adult alpaca hair, fiber longer, beautiful color; often said Of the
"babe" for the alpaca young hair, relatively thin fiber, softer. Alpaca wool fabric slippery,
warm and excellent.
Ma Hai Mao refers to Angola wool, mainly produced in South Africa, which is characterized by
thick fiber, curly small, good gloss. Ma Ha hair fabric feel slippery, it shiny foot. Mohair and
alpaca fabric as much as short hair style.